Punjab, a famous state of India is situated in the northwest of India which is bordered with Himachal Pradesh and Chandigarh to the east, Haryana to the south and southeast, Rajasthan to the Southwest and Jammu & Kashmir to the north. Economy of Punjab is extremely based on its agriculture. Punjab is commonly known for its agricultural activities and plantations. The state of Punjab is the largest single provider of wheat to India. Agriculture of Punjab is highly popular for producing items as buckwheat, rice, barley, millet; oil-seeds, sesamum and mustard, several other sorts of vetches, carrots, pea, beans, onions, turnips, cucumber, and melons. Sugarcane is grown in a very large quantity in Punjab.
Agricultural products in Punjab:
- Cotton produced and exported in Punjab.
- Wheat is extensively cultivated
- Maize also produced in Punjab in large extend.
- Rice and bajra are the highly cultivated products of Punjab.
The main sources of irrigation in Punjab are canals and tube wells. The two major cultivated crops in Punjab:
- Kharif •
The Kharif crops of Punjab comprises Maize, sugarcane, pulses, cotton, rice ,bajra, peas, jowar, and vegetables like gourd, onions, and chillies. The Rabi crops of Punjab include gram, barley, wheat, fodder crops, potatoes, oilseeds and winter vegetables. Punjab is the largest producer of wheat in India; it produces around 2 million tones every year. Gurdaspur, Amritsar, and Kapurthala are the major districts in Punjab with large productions of rice. The leading cash crop- cotton is cultivated by the agricultural sector in Punjab. Potatoes and groundnuts are the other important crops produced in Punjab.
|Andaman and Nicobar Islands||Chandigarh|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli||Daman and Diu|
|Lakshadweep||National Capital Territory of Delhi|